Article Title: The Family In Schizophrenia; Perceptions Of Patients And Their Normal Siblings
Author(s): Avinash De Sousa
Institute(s): Carmel, 18 St. Francis Avenue, Willingdon Colony Santacruz West Mumbai-54, India.
Journal: Journal of Pakistan Psychiatric Society, 2009, Vol. 6, No. 1, p. 21-26
Objective: To study the differences in perception between patients with schizophrenia and their normal siblings with regard to family functioning and support.
Design: Cross-sectional study.
Place & duration of study: The study was carried out in getting well clinic and nursing home, Mumbai, India from January 2001 to January 2006.
Subjects & Methods: 300 patients and 300 normal siblings were the subject of the study. A multidimensional semi-structured interview, the Family Functioning Scale, Family Assessment Device and Family Support Scale were used to elicit these differences. The data was tabulated and statistically analyzed.
Results: Conflicts, expressiveness, organization, family sociability, laissez faire family style, democracy and idealization were the factors that were most significant on family functioning (p < 0.0005). Significant differences were also noted in perception of general family functioning and family support (p = 0.0001).
Conclusions: We conclude that relatives and patients perceive their family and their family functioning differently and family dynamics must be delved into in the management of schizophrenia.
Key words: Family Functioning, Schizophrenia.