Article Title: Psycho-social Correlates of Intimate Partner Violence
Author(s): Sehar Hassan and Anila A. Malik
Institute(s): Department of Behavioral Sciences, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi; Department of Psychology, University of Karachi, Karachi.
Journal: Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 2012, Vol. 27, No.2, 279-295
Correspondence Address: Sehar Hassan, Department of Business Psychology, Institute of Business Management, Karachi, Pakis-E-mail: sehar_ firstname.lastname@example.org
This study is aimed at assessing whether the effects of exposure to intimate partner violence reflects upon the psychological well-being and social functioning of women. The relationship of domestic violence with life orientation, satisfaction with life, self-esteem, social confidence, and social anxiety was specifically explored. A total of 416 women with age range of 18-55 years selected from eighteen towns of Karachi city participated in the study. Findings of study suggested that married women in Pakistan are frequently exposed to oppressive behaviors by their intimate partners. Rates of physical abuse, psychological abuse and sexual abuse were 52%, 84%, and 55%, respectively in this study sample. Correlation analysis indicated significant positive correlation (p < .001) between scores of participants on Karachi Domestic Violence Screening Scale Urdu version (Hassan & Anila, 2009) and Siddiqui Shah Depression Scale (Siddiqui & Shah, 1997). Significant negative correlation (p < .001) existed between domestic violence and the following indicators of psychological well-being: Self-esteem (Rosenberg, 1989), positive orientation towards life (Scheier, Carver, & Bridges, 1994), and satisfaction with life (Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffm, 1985). A simple regression analysis showed that domestic violence significantly affects psychological wellbeing of women, particularly their satisfaction with life, self esteem, and depression scores. The implications of the intimate partner violence as a marker for poor psychosocial well-being in married women are discussed in the context of Pakistani
Keywords: domestic violence, psycho-social factors, abuse, women, intimate partners