Thesis Title: Perceived Parenting Styles, Self Confidence and Emotional Adjustment in Adolescents of Working and Non-Working Parents
Student Name: Noor e Saher
Supervisor: Shazia Qayyum, PhD
The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between perceived parenting style, self-confidence and emotional adjustment among children of working and non-working parents. Correlational research design was used in the present study. It was hypothesized that there would be a relationship between perceived parenting style, self- confidence and emotional adjustment among children of working and non-working parents. Moreover, it was also hypothesized that perceived parenting style and self-confidence would be predictors of emotional adjustment in children of working and non-working parents. The sample comprised of 200 children of working and non-working parents, (N = 200) including both males and females, with age range of 12 to 19 years (M = 16.27, SD = .68). The demographic sheet, Parenting Style Inventory II (Nancy & Darling, 1994), Academic Behavioral Confidence Scale (Winnie 7 Amp; Rebecca, 2008) and Emotional Regulation Questionnaire (Gross 7 John, 2003) were used to assess the relationship between study variables. The results revealed that responsiveness, subscale of perceived parenting style had positive significant relationship with self-confidence and demandingness, subscale of perceived parenting style had negative significant relationship with self-confidence. While, there was no significant relationship found between perceived parenting style and emotional adjustment and self-confidence and emotional adjustment. There was a significant employment difference in responsiveness style of parenting and self-confidence. No of siblings was a positive predictor and family system was a negative predictor of emotional adjustment. Moreover, emotional adjustment was not predicted by perceived parenting style and self-confidence. These findings could also be helpful for the parents to notice their parenting styles so that they could provide care to their children in a better way.
Keywords: Perceived parenting style, self-confidence, and emotional adjustment, children of working and non-working parents.