Non-Pharmacological Management Of Chronic Insomnia In Clinical Practice

Article Title: Non-Pharmacological Management Of Chronic Insomnia In Clinical Practice

Author(s): Imran S. Khawaja, Muhammad Waqar Azeem, Ayesha Ebrahim, Shehzad K. Niazi

Institute(s); Minnesota Regional Sleep Disorders Center at Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN; Department of Neurology, University of Minnesota School of Medicine, MN, USA; Albert J. Solnit Children’s Center, CT, USA; Yale Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, CT, USA; Department of Endocrinology, Fairview Healthcare System, MN, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, USA.

Journal: Journal of Pakistan Psychiatric Society, 2014 Vol. 11, No. 1, p. 34-38

Correspondence Address:


Insomnia is a common complaint in primary care and psychiatric settings. It can present independently or co-morbidly with a medical, a psychiatric or a sleep disorder. It is important to recognize and treat insomnia independently in addition to treating the co-morbid condition. Non-pharmacological treatments include various approaches, which mainly include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I). Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia is the first line treatment in addition to pharmacological therapies. This review focuses on describing non-pharmacological approaches, mainly CBT-I and provides specific techniques for implementation of these approaches.

Keywords: Insomnia, non-pharmacological, cognitive behavioral therapy.

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