Construction and Validation of Global Psychological Empowerment Scale for Women

Article Title: Construction and Validation of Global Psychological Empowerment Scale for Women

Author(s): Syeda Azra Batool & Syeda Shahida Batool

Institute(s): School of Economics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan; Department of Psychology, GC University Lahore

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 2017, Vol. 15, No.1, 3-10

Correspondence Address: Syeda Shahida Batool, Chair and Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, GC University Lahore (Pakistan), Email:


The current research was carried out to construct a measure of global psychological empowerment for women based on Thomas and Velthouse (1990) empowerment model. Development of the scale entailed three independent studies. In Study 1, the exploratory factor analysis was run on 202 women of age range 22 and 60 years (M = 39.50, SD = 10.70) and 21 items were retained for 5 well-defined factors. The alpha coefficient was .86 for the overall scale and, .64- .84 for subscales. Total variance accounted for by the scale was 45.20%. Study 2 was carried out on 500 women of age ranged between 21- 60 year (M = 38.50, SD = 9.40) to confirm the factor structure that was retained in study 1. The confirmatory factor analysis showed a good fit for the model. The convergent validity of the scale was determined by finding correlations of the scores on a newly constructed scale with the scores on Psychological Empowerment Questionnaire for Employees (Spreitzer, 1995), and Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 1985) in Study 3. It was concluded that the newly constructed scale had a promising validity and reliability.

Keywords: global psychological empowerment, impact, problem focused coping, meaningfulness, self-efficacy, self-determination.

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