Attributional Complexity: A Required Constituent for Social Competence among Students

Article Title: Attributional Complexity: A Required Constituent for Social Competence among Students

Author(s): Sarwat Sultan and Martin Hagger

Institute(s): Department of Applied Psychology, Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan Pakistan; School of Psychology & Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth Australia

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences (PJSS), Vol. 34, No. 1 (2014), pp. 131-138


This article accosts the findings of a study conducted on identifying the role of attributional complexity in determining the social competence among students. A sample of 188 students with age of 12 to 14 years (mean age of 13.45, SD = .773) from schools of Perth in Australia was contacted through convenience sampling technique. To measure study variables, Attributional Complexity Scale and Social Competence Scale were administered to the participants. Employing correlation, regression analysis, and t-test, findings showed a positive significant correlation between attributional complexity and social competence. Students who were high in attributional complexity were found more socially competent as compared to those having low score on attributional complexity scale. Regression analysis further shows that seven components of attributional complexity are significantly contributing in the prediction of social competence except motivation component and abstract vs. casual. On the basis of these findings, it is underlined that students’ attributional styles should be considered in the explanation and understanding of their social interactions and adjustment.

Keywords: Attributional Complexity, Social Competence, Social Adjustment, Social Judgment

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